This was ostensibly a vote on a motion to table (kill) an amendment by Sen. David Vitter (R-LA) to refund taxes paid on fuel for vehicles used exclusively to perform mammograms. The measure Vitter sought to amend was a “companion bill” making a number of changes to health care reform legislation already signed into law by President Obama. The underlying context was that Republicans were trying to attach amendments to the companion bill in order to send it back the House, where it had passed by a narrow margin. CNN reported that Republicans had chosen to offer a slew of amendments in order to “undermine the measure,” while the Associated Press characterized the amendments as “a final drive to thwart President Barack Obama's health care remake.”
Specifically, the Vitter amendment would have refunded taxes paid on fuel for any “vehicle designed exclusively to provide mobile mammography services to patients.” These vehicles are known as “mobile mammography vehicles.”
Vitter urged the Senate to support his amendment: “This amendment would allow mobile mammography units to purchase fuel without the Federal excise tax. This is exactly similar to an existing exemption for blood centers. These units are very important to give access to women for breast cancer screening.”
Sen. Max Baucus (D-MT urged opposition to the amendment, and contended that the health care reform legislation already signed into law by President Obama would prove beneficial for women’s health: “… The bill the president signed Tuesday… eliminates the ability of insurers to limit coverage based on preexisting conditions. In addition to the preventive services available to everyone…the health reform bill ensures that women have access to the unique preventive services they need…” Baucus then made a motion to table (kill) Vitter’s amendment.
After the House and Senate both passed their respective health care reform bills, the two chambers had intended to reconcile those two bills into a final package. After the House and Senate passed that final package, it would have been sent to President Obama, who would have signed it into law. Sen. Scott Brown (R-MA), however, won a special election to replace the late Sen. Ted Kennedy (D-MA) before the final health care bill could be brought up for a vote. Brown's victory gave Republicans 41 votes in the Senate, leaving Democrats with 59 members – one vote short of the 60 votes they needed to defeat a unanimous Republican filibuster against the final health care bill.
In order to pass comprehensive health care legislation without a 60-vote majority in the Senate, Democratic leaders devised a plan in which the House would pass the Senate health care bill (H.R. 3590), thereby enabling the president to sign it into law. The House would then pass a separate companion bill (H.R. 4872) to make changes to the Senate health measure under a process known as "budget reconciliation." Bills considered under budget reconciliation cannot be filibustered under Senate rules. This process allowed the House to make changes to Senate-passed health care legislation without sending the entire health bill back to the Senate, where it could have been filibustered indefinitely. The companion bill incorporated changes to the Senate health care legislation desired by House Democrats. The House passed the companion measure, and sent it to the Senate, where Democratic leaders hoped to defeat all amendments -- thereby avoiding a second vote in the House on a substantively changed bill; a vote that Democrats might have lost given the already tight margin when it was voted on the previous week.
The Senate voted to table (kill) the Vitter amendment by a vote of 56-39. 56 Democrats voted ”yea.” All 38 Republicans present and 1 Democrat voted “nay.” As a result, the Senate rejected an amendment Democratic leaders feared could have torpedoed the entire companion health care bill and would have refunded taxes paid on fuel for vehicles used exclusively to perform mammograms.